Idaho OnePlan recommends the website of the
Idaho Weed Awareness
Campaign as the best resource for up-to-date information about
Idaho's noxious weeds, and their control.
Source for this page: Idaho's Noxious Weeds by Robert H. Callihan & Timothy W. Miller
Matgrass (Nardus stricta) is native to Eastern Europe. It reproduces mostly through transport of tufts in mud clinging to the hooves of grazing animals. It is a coarse-textured grass that is not palatable to most livestock, and it eliminates other vegetation within each dense tuft. Matgrass is generally found in seasonally saturated mountain meadows.
Matgrass is a slow-growing perennialPlant that lives for more than 2 growing seasons bunchgrass, with tufts reaching 3 feet across or more. Leaves are grasslike, up to ¼ inch wide but appearing narrower because blades are tightly folded along the midribThe center and usually most prominent vein on a leaf. The blade spreads at nearly a right angle to the stem. The liguleThe structure at the collar of a grass leaf between the sheath and the stem is short and membranousThin and flexible, usually not green; auriclesLobelike structure at the collar of a grass leaf are lacking. Stems grow up to 8 inches tall and are tipped by inconspicuous slender spikesA narrow, nonspreading inflorescence that emerge in midsummer and bear all spikelets on one side of the stem. Spikelets are tiny and straw colored and tipped by short, straight awnsSlender bristle at the tip of grass seed structure. Tufts are tightly rooted and hard to remove.
Matgrass is found in a few places in the northeast U.S. and sparingly in Idaho.
Matgrass has no biological control agents. Herbicides can kill individual tufts, which are easily hidden by vegetation. Broadcast application of non-selective herbicides are likely needed for eradication.